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Navratri is a major festival celebrated by Hindus in India. During this time nine different forms of mother are worshiped. Although Navratras come four times in a year in the months of Chaitra, Ashada, Ashwin, and Magha, but the Navratras falling from Pratipada to Navami of Shukla Paksha of Chaitra and Ashwin months are quite popular.
Due to being in the spring, Chaitra Navratri is called Vasanti Navratri and in the autumn, Navratri of Ashwin month is also known as Shardiya Navratri. In Chaitra and Ashwin Navratri, Ashwin Navratri is called Mahanavratra. One reason for this is that this Navratri falls just before Dussehra, Navratri is opened on the day of Dussehra.
The worship of different forms of mother in the nine days of Navratri is also seen as a worship of power. There are nine different forms of Maa Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri, and Siddhidatri. Ghatasthapana is done on the first day of Navratri. After this, the mother is worshiped and fasted for nine consecutive days. The fast is opened on the tenth day after the worship of the girl.
Navaratri falls in the bright half of Ashada and Magha month is called Gupta Navaratri. Although Gupta Navaratri is not usually celebrated, Gupta Navaratri is very important for those who practice Tantra. The goddess’s mother is worshiped during this period by the tantrikas.
Navaratri is an auspicious festival lasting nine days, which is celebrated every year across India for different reasons. It is culturally dedicated to Goddess Durga, an example of Shakti or cosmic energy. Sharad Navaratri is the most important of all the five Navratras (Chaitra, Ashadh, Ashwin, Pausha, and Magha) falling in a year. Also, Magha, Ashadh, and Paush are known as Gupt Navratri.
Sharad Navaratri is celebrated in the month of September / October. With full enthusiasm, the Navratri festival is widely celebrated all over the country. During this 9 day festival of Navratri, 9 forms of Goddess Durga are worshiped. Each manifestation of Goddess Durga symbolizes a specific quality and is believed to be for spiritual and worldly fulfillment.
Cultural traditions and importance
Sharad Navaratri begins for the first time and ends on Ashwin, the tenth day of the bright half of the lunar month. Sharad Navaratri festival is dedicated to Goddess Durga. Noth India celebrated it with great energy. The tenth day is ‘Vijayadashami’ or ‘Dussehra’.
During the festival of Navaratri, people from cities and villages worship Navaratri in their home or worshiping various forms of Goddess Durga. Chants of mantras, bhajans, or sacred songs on these nine days.
According to the scripted description, Lord Rama worshiped the divine power to defeat and kill the demon king Lord Ravana. He announced the message of Good Triumphing Over Evil.
A look and ritual on the nine days of Sharad Navaratri:
- Maa Shailputri Puja – The first form of Maa Durga, Maa Shailputri represents the Moon. Worshiping him helps eliminate or mitigate any ill effects.
- Maa Brahmacharini Puja – According to astrology, Maa Brahmacharini controls Mars and any ill effects which reduce when worshiping with a pure heart.
- Mother Chandraghanta Puja – Mother Chandraghanta dominates the planet Venus and imparts courage and fearlessness.
- Mother Kushmanda Puja – Mother Kushmanda represents Surya and eliminates any ill effects in the near future.
- Maa Skandamata Puja – Maa Skanda represents the planet Mother Mercury and is very kind to her devotee.
- Mother Katyayani Puja – Mother Katyayani controls planet Jupiter. She provides courage and perseverance to her worshipers.
- Maa Kalratri Puja – Maa Kalratri governs the planet Saturn and is a symbol of valor.
- Maa Mahagauri Puja – Maa Mahagauri is the divine controller of planet Rahu and calms the harmful effects.
- Mother Siddhidatri Puja – Mother Siddhidatri Ketu dominates the planet and imparts wisdom and wisdom.
Chaitra (Vasanti) Navratri
25 March to 3 April
Ashwin (Shardiya) Mahanavratra
October 17 to 26